Richard Bailey, the Revolutionary War soldier and ancestor of this family, came to Beaver, passed where Bluefield is now located in 1780, where Davidson-Bailey Fort was built to protect pioneer families from attacks by the Indians.
In 1791, the Shawnee-Mingo Indians made prisoners of Mrs. Andrew Davidson and her children. She was carried by way of the old Indian village on Indian Creek in the present Wyoming County, where she was bound overnight to a beech tree with rawhide thongs. She was the first white woman to pass through the county. On the second night, she gave birth to a child under the famous “Hog Red Cliff” at Island Creek where Logan now stands. The following day, the baby was drowned and Mrs. Davidson was carried prisoner to the Indian village on the Sciota River. She lost track of her other children and she was later sold as a servant to a French farmer in Canada near Detroit. Here Mr. Davidson found her after General Warner’s victory in 1794, and brought her home.
Richard Bailey had three sons who became pioneer settlers in Wyoming County — James Sr., Archibald, and Micajah Bailey.
James Bailey Sr. moved his family from the head of Bluestone River and settled in the year 1806 two miles below Baileysville. He had two sons, James Jr. and John, and two daughters, Cloe and Sarah.
Cloe married William Doby Cook and Sarah, David Cook Sr. Both were sons of Thomas Cook Sr.
John (Bailey) moved to Grayson County, Va., about 1808.
James Bailey Jr. (1806-1874) married Delilah Gore and settled on the David Morgan Sr. lands at the mouth of Dove’s Branch in the present town of Baileysville. He was a farmer, blacksmith and a miller. His children were Henderson, Perry A., John, Ingaboo, Joseph, Myles, Alexander, Capt. Theodore F., James S. Mattle, Margaret, Rena, Katherine, and Amanda.
Myles, Alexander, Capt. Theodore F., and James S. were Confederate soldiers in Company G, 22nd Virginia Regiment (infantry).
Capt. Theodore F. Bailey, in a letter to the Rev. G.P. Goode, historian, dated Jan. 20, 1913, said:
“In 1861, I volunteered in the Rebel Army, and was made a lieutenant in Company G, 22nd Regiment, Infantry, and served during the war. I was in a great many battles and engagements: Cross Lanes, Carnifex Ferry, Big Sewell, Broad Ford, Droop Mountain, Fisher’s Hill, Winchester, Beverly, Petersburg (W.Va.) and Lynchburg — so many I can’t remember all. I returned home at the close of the war, and in 1866, Miss Martha Justice and I were married; to this union were born four boys and one girl — Lee P., John J., W. Cal., Robert D., and Gold (Mrs. Will G. Cook).
“I have always lived on the old farm of my father (James Bailey Jr.) and the old slave plantation of my grandfather, James Bailey Sr.
“I have been a farmer, merchant, ferryman, and hotel proprietor, a schoolteacher, and served one term as county superintendent of schools from 1873 to 1875.”
Archibald Bailey (Archer), son of Richard Bailey, moved from Mercer County at an early date and lived for a time near Baileysville. But in extreme age, he moved to Big Huff Creek and lived with his son, Thomas Bailey. It is not known who he married.
His children were: Thomas, Dr. Isaac, Ealie, Harvey, Rufus, David, and Gordon, and Dicie, his only daughter. She married Joseph Lester Sr., an early settler on Little Huff Creek and an early sheriff of Wyoming County.
Thomas Bailey married Priscilla Cook, daughter of Thomas Sr., and was the first settler on the head of Big Huff Creek.
Dr. Isaac Bailey was an old country doctor, pioneer school teacher, and Baptist convention secretary. He was married to Juda Cook, daughter of Thomas Sr. and lived many years on Bear Branch, below Jesse.
Little is known of the other sons of “Archer.”
Micajah Bailey, son of Richard Bailey, was an old trapper and hunter on the upper end of Micajahs and Beartown ridges on Flat Top Mountain, and became the first settler and ancestor of the numerous Bailey families in that section.